Go: Access private fields using reflection

Using reflection, it’s possible to read (but not write) unexported fields of a struct defined in another package.

Example

The List struct in package container/list has an unexported field len:

package list

type List struct {
	root Element
	len  int
}

…

This code reads the value of len using reflection:

package main

import (
	"container/list"
	"fmt"
	"reflect"
)

func main() {
	l := list.New()
	l.PushFront("foo")
	l.PushFront("bar")

	// Get a reflect.Value fv for the unexported field len.
	fv := reflect.ValueOf(l).Elem().FieldByName("len")
	fmt.Println(fv.Int()) // 2

	// Try to set the value of len.
	fv.Set(reflect.ValueOf(666)) // ILLEGAL
}
2
panic: reflect: reflect.Value.Set using value obtained using unexported field

goroutine 1 [running]:
reflect.flag.mustBeAssignable(0x1a2, 0x285a)
	/usr/local/go/src/reflect/value.go:225 +0x280
reflect.Value.Set(0xee2c0, 0x10444254, 0x1a2, 0xee2c0, 0x1280c0, 0x82)
	/usr/local/go/src/reflect/value.go:1345 +0x40
main.main()
	../main.go:18 +0x280

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