Go gotcha: Why can't I add elements to my map?

Why does this code give a run-time error?

var m map[string]float64
m["pi"] = 3.1416
panic: assignment to entry in nil map
Answer

You have to initialize the map using the make function before you can add any elements:

m := make(map[string]float64)
m["pi"] = 3.1416
A new, empty map value is made using the built-in function make, which takes the map type and an optional capacity hint as arguments:
make(map[string]int)
make(map[string]int, 100)
The initial capacity does not bound its size: maps grow to accommodate the number of items stored in them, with the exception of nil maps. A nil map is equivalent to an empty map except that no elements may be added. The Go Programming Language Specification: Map types
See Maps explained for all about maps in Go.

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